Vienna, Austria has been named the world's most liveable city for the second year in a row, earning perfect scores for four out of five factors.

Coming in second was Melbourne, Australia, with Sydney, Australia taking third, the Economist Intelligence Unit's Global Liveability Index 2019 revealed.

On a rating scale where 100 was the ideal score, 140 cities were scored for stability (prevalence of crime, terror and conflict), healthcare, culture and environment, education, and infrastructure. For Vienna to secure first place, the city scored 100 points for all factors but culture & environment (96.3).

Although Vienna took the top spot, Canada dominated the rankings with three cities (Calgary, Vancouver, Toronto) in the top 10.

Overall, the top 10 most liveable cities globally are (average scores shown):

#1 Vienna, Austria (99.1) #2 Melbourne, Australia (98.4) #3 Sydney, Australia (98.1) #4 Osaka, Japan (97.7) #5 Calgary, Canada (97.5) #6 Vancouver, Canada (97.3) #7 Toronto, Canada (97.2) #8 Tokyo, Japan (97.2) #9 Copenhagen, Denmark (96.8) #10 Adelaide, Australia (96.6)

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On the other hand, Damascus, Syria, took the lowest spot on the ranking (140), score just 30.7 on average, with its lowest score being for stability (20).

On the whole, the ten least liveable cities globally include:

#131 Caracas, Venezuela (46.9) #132 Algiers, Algeria (44.1) #133 Douala, Cameroon (44) #134 Harare, Zimbabwe (42.6) #135 Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea (41) #136 Karachi, Pakistan (40.9) #137 Tripoli, Libya (40.4) #138 Dhaka, Bangladesh (39.2) #139 Lagos, Nigeria (38.5) #140 Damascus, Syria (30.7)

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Lead photo / 123RF Infographics / Economist Intelligence Unit