The Sabah Yang Dipertua Negeri Tun Juhar Mahiruddin said on 2 July at the 15th Sabah State Assembly that the Sabah state government will focus on developing human capital development, as a catalyst for sustainable economic growth in the state, as reported in Bernama.
This was shared in his state government policy speech, adding the focus will cover "the empowerment of knowledge and skills in various fields including science and technology, engineering and mathematics, entrepreneurship and so on."
According to the Bernama report, he added: "Hence, the state government will enhance the capability of the state-owned Institutions of Higher Learning and further strengthen collaborations with other institutions of higher learning, including Technical and Vocational Educational Training (TVET) in the effort to provide the best training services," he said.
TVET includes formal, non-formal and informal learning that prepare young people with the knowledge and skills required in the world of work.
The common feature of TVET as defined by UNESCO is that it involves “in addition to general education, the study of technologies and related sciences as well as the acquisition of practical skills, attitudes, understanding, and knowledge relating to occupations in various sectors of economics and social life.”
According to Study Malaysia, TVET programmes in Malaysia are offered at certificate, diploma, and degree levels by seven ministries that include MOHE.
It is estimated that there will be an increase in demand for an additional 1.3 million TVET workers by 2020 in the 12 National Key Economic Areas (NKEA) identified under the government’s Economic Transformation Programme (ETP). To meet this demand, the government has increased the development expenditure to public TVET institutions from RM 1.8 billion in 2010 to RM 2.1 billion in 2014.
There are currently over 1,000 TVET institutions in Malaysia of which 506 are public institutions.