On 8 February 2022, the Hong Kong government announced a series of enhanced social-distancing rules, the toughest to date, and proposed amendments to the Employment Ordinance with respect to vaccinations.
Andrea Randall, Partner, and Lillian Wong, Associate at Reynolds Porter Chamberlain (RPC) explain what this means for employers.
Unvaccinated persons in Hong Kong will be banned from entering an additional six types of premises, namely shopping malls, department stores, religious venues, supermarkets, wet markets, and hair salons under a "vaccine pass" scheme, which is to be launched later this month on 24 February 2022.
From 24 February 2022 onwards, only persons who have received at least the first dose will be allowed to enter regulated premises using the LeaveHomeSafe app and upon presenting their vaccination record.
It was also announced that the Chief Executive will push for the Executive Council to amend the Employment Ordinance (Cap. 57) (EO) to address potential conflicts between employers and employers over anti-epidemic measures.
A proposed amendment is to allow employers to dismiss unvaccinated employees who are unable to go to work due to the vaccine pass scheme and such dismissal would not be considered as an "unreasonable dismissal" under section 32 of the EO.
Another amendment is to prevent employers from dismissing employees affected by mandatory lockdowns of the estates they live in or those who are placed under compulsory home quarantine.
These employees will be eligible for sick leave, and their dismissal will be considered as "unreasonable dismissals" with legal consequences.
The proposed amendments may have little impact on employees who are able to work from home remotely with the help of technology.
However, employees whose work nature requires face-to-face interactions, whose workplace falls within any of the regulated venues, or where working from home is not possible will be adversely affected by the proposed amendments, such as those working in the retail, food and beverage, and other services industries.
Furthermore, the proposed amendments do not take into account employees who have a legitimate basis for not being vaccinated, such as having chronic or pre-existing medical conditions which deem them unsuitable to be vaccinated.
Given the draconian nature of the proposed amendments, it is likely that such amendments will be faced with strong opposition. Nonetheless, these are only proposed amendments and a draft bill has yet to be drafted, consulted, and properly debated in the Legislative Council.
It would be prudent for the government to conduct extensive consultation with interested parties to ensure legitimate exemptions are made available to eligible persons.
All material contained in this article is provided for general information purposes only and should not be construed as legal, accounting, financial, or tax advice or opinion to any person or specific case. RPC accepts no responsibility for any loss or damage arising directly or indirectly from action taken, or not taken, which may arise from reliance on information contained in this article. You are urged to seek legal advice concerning your own situation and any specific legal question that you may have.