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ManpowerGroup regional rankings

How APAC countries rank on their permanent and contingent workforces

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In an analysis of 75 markets, ManpowerGroup Solutions has identified countries where workforce skills, productivity and labour regulation make it most favourable to conduct business – New Zealand, Hong Kong and Singapore have come out on top.

The global ranking, called Total Workforce Index (TWI) equally weighs skills availability, cost efficiency, regulation and productivity, to include scenarios involving both permanent and contingent labour types.

Within Asia Pacific region which represents close to 60% of the global population, Singapore ranked first in terms of its regulations for the total workforce (where Malaysia ranked fifth), and second for both workforce availability and productivity. Hong Kong topped for workforce productivity, and came third and fourth for regulation and availability respectively.

Country update: Singapore

Ranking first in the permanent workforce index and third in the contingent workforce index, the informal workforce currently comprises 6% of Singapore’s total workforce of about 3.19 million (led by 28% of Generation Yers). Highlights of the factors affecting the total workforce index:

  1. Regulation: Subcontracting is allowed in the nation and there is presently no limit to the maximum duration for a single-term contract.
  2. Cost efficiency: The reported cost of doing business is 0.60% of GNP per capita. Equal pay for equal work is currently not mandated, with the average monthly wage at US$3,928.
  3. Productivity: The average work week is 44 hours, compared to a regional average of 41.8 hours. As a result, labour market efficiency is also higher than the regional average (4.22) at 5.8.
image 2 - singapore

Country update: Malaysia

Ranking 38th in the permanent workforce index and 22nd in the contingent workforce index, the informal workforce currently comprises 10% of Malaysia’s total workforce of about 14.83 million (led by 35% of Generation Yers). Highlights of the factors affecting the total workforce index:

  1. Regulation: An eight-day severance notice period, compared to a 6.5-day average globally, in cases where an employee is tenured for five years.
  2. Cost efficiency: The reported cost of doing business is 6.20% of GNP per capita. Equal pay for equal work is currently not mandated, with the average monthly wage at US$533.
  3. Productivity: The average work day is 8 hours, compared to a regional average of 8.1 hours.
image 3 - malaysia

Country update: Hong Kong

Ranking 11th in the permanent workforce index and second in the contingent workforce index, the informal workforce currently comprises 6% of Hong Kong’s total workforce of about 3.19 million (led by 29% of Baby Boomers). Highlights of the factors affecting the total workforce index:

  1. Regulation: Ranks fourth for the index on ease of doing business, where one represents the easiest.
  2. Cost efficiency: The reported cost of doing business is 0.60% of GNP per capita. Equal pay for equal work is currently not mandated, with the average monthly wage at US$1,986.
  3. Productivity: The maximum probation period is one month, much lower than the regional average of 3.07 months.
image 4 - hong kong

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